Friday, October 29, 2010

Environment Agency-Managing Nuclear Waste UK Example

WZWH had studied in Scotland, UK for almost four years. The UK Environment Agency in managing nuclear waste is example that WZWH would like the government of Malaysia will adopt once nuclear power plants are in operation.

Managing nuclear waste

Our role in managing nuclear waste

How different types of waste are managed

We categorise Radioactive waste in the UK according to its radioactivity.

High level waste

High level waste (HLW) is turned into a glass-like material (vitrification) and stored at the Sellafield site.
We regulate higher activity wastes on nuclear licensed sites jointly with the Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (part of the Health and Safety Executive).
The Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) covers environmental issues for sites in Scotland.

Intermediate level waste

At present, we are concentrating on the regulation of intermediate level waste (ILW). This offers particular challenges when it is being treated, due to the number of different waste types.

Low level waste

Most low level waste (LLW) is disposed of in landfills at the LLW disposal facility at Drigg.

Our role in managing nuclear waste

We regulate how nuclear sites dispose of their radioactive waste (solid waste and discharges to water and air) by granting site-based permits to the companies who run them.
We make sure they minimise the amount of radioactive waste they produce and check they do not exceed their authorised discharge and disposal limits.
We assess proposals from an environmental perspective to ensure packaged wastes are suitable for storage and final disposal.
We interact closely with nuclear licensees, government departments and the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA).
Much of our work is carried out in partnership with colleagues in the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA).

Development of joint regulatory guidance on radioactive waste mangement

We are developing further technical guidance in collaboration with the Health and Safety Executive and the Scottish Environment Protection Agency to give more detail about the expected content of radioactive waste management cases.

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