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Tuesday, August 4, 2015

Penderma-Penderma Arab Yang Budiman Dan Suka Bersedekah




The Arab world appears in the midst of massive changes as disenfranchised citizens in several Middle Eastern, North African and Islamic countries push for more democracy and economic opportunity. 

Aid from Arab multilateral, bilateral and non-governmental institutions will be crucial to rebuilding and fostering a more progressive Islamic union.

Despite the region’s own development challenges, Arab aid institutions have been operating for more than four decades now, funding development programs in and outside the Arab world. Africa, Asia and other parts of the world have benefited from the development aid. 

Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates are the only Arab states with dedicated aid agencies and are the three largest bilateral donors in the region.


BOX 1: MAIN ARAB BILATERAL DONORS 

Saudi Arabia: The Saudi Fund for Development was established in 1974, providing concessional loans to developing countries. Since 1999, the Fund has also promoted Saudi non-crude oil exports via export credits (Shushan and Marcoux 2010). In 2009, Saudi Arabia’s aid disbursements (bilateral and multilateral combined) totalled USD 3133.74 million (OECD/DAC Statistics). Additional aid resources are channelled through the ruling family and Ministry of Finance. These flows may be higher than those from the Saudi Fund, although little is known about them (Villanger 2007: 8). 

Kuwait was the first Arab state to establish an aid department, with the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development set up in 1961. It initially concentrated on Arab states, but diversified its recipients in the mid-1970s, offering concessional loans to highly indebted countries (Shushan and Marcoux 2010). In 2009 its multilateral and bilateral aid disbursements amounted to USD 221.12 million (OECD/DAC Statistics). 

United Arab Emirates (UAE) established the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development in 1971. Its aid is predominantly provided through loans and some small grants. Reported bilateral and multilateral aid disbursements in 2009 amounted to USD 833.67 million (OECD/DAC Statistics). The UAE’s Finance Department also plays a role in disbursing aid (Villanger 2007: 9).



BOX 2: MAIN MULTILATERAL ORGANISATIONS 

The Islamic Development Bank: Established in 1975, the Bank provides assistance to member states and Islamic communities in non-member states, conducting activities in accordance with Shari’ah law (Shushan and Marcoux 2010). Member states must be part of the Islamic Conference. It is the largest Arab multilateral, disbursing 38 % of total Arab multilateral assistance (Villanger 2007). 

Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development: Established in 1974, the Fund provides assistance to Arab states to improve regional development and integration (Shushan and Marcoux 2010). Kuwait and Saudi Arabia are the largest donors to the Fund, which provides 30 % of total multilateral Arab assistance (Villanger 2007). 

Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa: Set up in 1975, the Arab Bank is the only multilateral Arab institution focusing on assistance to non-Arab African countries (Shushan and Marcoux 2010). 

OPEC Fund for International Development: OPEC established a special fund in 1976 to disburse aid following increasing oil prices. This evolved into the OPEC Fund, promoting South-South cooperation in low-income countries. Half of the Fund’s members are Arab states, together providing 65 % of the Fund’s finances (Sushan and Marcoux 2010).


Here are some of the more prominent bilateral and non-governmental organizations in the region, as well as their origins and objectives.


Abu Dhabi Fund for Development

- Type: Governmental
- Headquarters: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
- Chairman: Deputy Prime Minister Sheikh Mansour Bin Zayed Al Nahyan 
- Number of Employees: 100
- Authorized Capital: $2.17 billion

ADFD, established in 1971 by the United Arab Emirates, aims to provide assistance to developing countries, principally in the form of concessional loans for projects. Since its foundation, the fund has provided almost $3.54 billion to 207 projects in 53 countries. It has also supervised the management of loans and grants offered by the UAE.

Alwaleed bin Talal Foundation

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
- Chairman: Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Bin Abdulaziz Alsaud

The foundation supports organizations with development and humanitarian projects and has provided grants and donations in more than 60 countries, totaling more than $2.4 billion over the last 30 years.

Arab Science and Technology Foundation

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
- Chairman: Sheikh Sultan bin Mohammed Al-Qasimi, ruler of the Sharjah emirate
- President: Abdalla A. Alnajjar

The Arab Science and Technology Foundation, established in 2000, aims to identify and support outstanding scientific research activities being conducted by scientists from the Arab world. It provides grants for projects such as water desalination by solar energy and the Iraq Research and Development Initiative to contribute to the reconstruction of Iraq.

Dubai Cares

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
- CEO: Tariq Al Gurg
- Budget: $1 billion

Dubai Cares, launched by Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum in 2007, aims to improve access to primary education in developing nations by focusing on improving infrastructure, health and nutrition, and water and sanitation. The philanthropic organization is working alongside various international partners in 24 countries and communities, including Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cambodia, Chad, Comoros Islands, Djibouti, Haiti, Laos, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Nepal, Niger, Palestinian territories, Pakistan, as well as with Palestinian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Yemen and Zambia.

Gulf for Good

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
- Chairman: Brian Wilkie

Established in 2001, Gulf for Good operates under the patronage of Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed al Maktoum. It focuses on child-related projects such as building and providing equipment and supplies to schools and hospitals, as well as refurbishing orphanages. The countries covered by these projects are Nepal, Tanzania, Kenya, Oman, Jordan, Sri Lanka, Borneo, Egypt, Cambodia and India.

International Humanitarian City

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
- Chairwoman: Princess Haya Bint Al Hussein
- Vice-Chairman: Ibrahim Mohammed Bu Melha

International Humanitarian City, created by the United Arab Emirates, is a global humanitarian aid hub aiming to provide facilities and services to all international aid actors. In 2009, International Humanitarian City reported contributions of 14.3 million dirhams ($3.9 million), all of which were on a multilateral basis. Contributions were primarily in the form of services provided to international organizations and NGOs, including the World Food Program, UNICEF, U.N. Refugee Agency and World Health Organization. All make use of the organization’s warehouses, offices and its logistical support.

Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Foundation

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
- Director: Mohammed Haji Al-Khoory

The foundation, established in 2007, has funded projects in more than 35 countries across Europe, Asia, Africa and Oceania. In 2009, the foundation made grants of 185.7 million dirhams ($50.6 million). It supports a range of programs including health, water and sanitation, social infrastructure and other humanitarian projects.

Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development

- Type: Governmental
- Headquarters: Kuwait City, Kuwait
- Chairman: Muhammed Sabah Al Salem Al Sabah
- Director: Abdulwahab A. Al Bader 
- Number of employees: 455
- Authorized capital: $7.15 billion

The Kuwait Fund, the first development assistance fund to be set up by a developing country, was established in 1961 by the state of Kuwait. It was designed to assist Arab countries but its mandate was broadened in 1974 to include all developing countries. The fund’s operations are focused primarily on the sectors of agriculture and irrigation, transport and energy, communications, water and sewage.

The fund extends loans, guarantees and grants, and provides technical assistance to provincial governments, international and regional development institutions, and corporate entities that undertake projects jointly owned by a number of developing countries. It participates in the capital of development institutions and manages grants extended by Kuwait to developing countries.

Reach Out to Asia

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Doha, Qatar
- Chairwoman: Sheikha Mayassa bint Hamad Al Thani
- Director: Essa Al Mannai
- Budget: $20 million

Reach Out to Asia, formed in 1995 under the umbrella organization Qatar Foundation, operates in Cambodia, Indonesia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, the Palestinian territories, Iraq and Lebanon. Its main focus is improving the quality of education and health care in Asian countries. It builds or adopts schools, promotes female education and provides vocational training.

Saudi Fund for Development

- Type: Governmental
- Headquarters: Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
- Chairman: Minister of Finance Ibrahim Abdulaziz Al-Assaf
- Director: Yousef Ibn Ibrahim Al-Bassam
- Number of employees: 400
- Authorized capital: $8.26 billion

Established in 1974 by the Saudi government, this fund ranks as the top Gulf and Arab donor, accounting for almost two-thirds of total Arab aid. The Saudi Fund has no geographical exclusion and it deals directly with governments in the developing world to finance projects. The fund has contributed financing to 3,750 projects in 71 countries, consisting of 41 African countries, 25 Asian countries, and five countries in other parts of the world. It also administers loans and grants extended by the Saudi government to developing countries.

Silatech

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Doha, Qatar
- Chairwoman: Sheikha Mozah bint Nasser Al Missned
- CEO: Rick Little
- Budget: $100 million

Silatech was established in 2008 through the support of regional and international organizations and leaders such as the emir of Qatar, the chief executive of Cisco, Wolfensohn Center for Development at Brookings, Gallup, Dubai School of Government, World Bank, and International Labor Organization. The organizations aims to address the critical and growing need to create jobs and economic opportunities for young people. It promotes large-scale job creation, entrepreneurship, and access to capital and markets for young people, starting in the Arab world.

UAE Red Crescent Authority

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
- Chairwoman: Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak

The UAE Red Crescent is the UAE’s main relief and aid agency. Besides humanitarian assistance, it implements developmental and reconstruction projects. The areas covered by these projects are: Palestinian territories, Yemen, Pakistan, Sudan, Syria, Lebanon, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Maldives.

Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan Charitable and Humanitarian Foundation

- Type: Charity
- Headquarters: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
- Director: Mohammed bin Obaid Al-Dhaheri

The Zayed Foundation, established in 1992, provides humanitarian assistance and grants for developmental projects. The foundation gave grants totaling 47.9 million dirhams ($13.0 million) in 2009 in support of at least 22 countries worldwide. More than half of the funds were directed to Africa, where they benefited a range of sectors, most notably education, water and sanitation, and social infrastructure and services.

9 comments:

Anonymous said...

Kejap derma, hedge fund, pak man telo, mlm, along joe low, pinjaman jerung segala macam terma ekonomi moden keluar utk menghalalkan penipuan, pengkhianatan, penindasan, seleweng duit negara. Hutang dah habis bayar ke belum?
Kritik komen je sikit kang habis dicantas dipancung. Gubal undang2 ikut nafsu sendiri. Kejujuran integrasi telus apakah ini?

Anonymous said...

Wow Wzwh. List of pak arab donation so long ah? So which one donate to bijan's account, can tell ah?? Give long list oso no good but cannot tell which pak arab donate. If true pak arab donate, finish lah WSJ. Dont wait some more. Sue WSJ for alleging money originated from 1MDB. Die lah WSJ now bijan can prove money came from pak arab. Amik kau WSJ. Umno lawyer will sue you one.

Anonymous said...

P mampus la dengan donate Najib dah sah2 menipu celaka punya blongang punya nak menghalalkan penipuan Najib sial la lu...

Anonymous said...


Sejak dulu lagi kita semua tahu..istilah "derma" atau "duit kopi" atau "sumbangan" selalu digunakan bagi menggantikan istilah rasuah oleh pengamal2 rasuah. Takkan itu pun hang tak tahu?

Anonymous said...

rupa2nya pak arab derma lebih banyak kepada umno daripada Palestin? mengapa? bUkankah Palestin lebih memerlukan bantuan berbanding Malaysia?

kenapa tak derma kepada parti Islam di Malaysia ini?

makin banyak pembohongan, semakin banyak persoalan.

jika jujur dari awal, takde berlaku semua ini. sekian.

Anonymous said...

Emir2 dan Raja2 Arab mahu mempertahankan Pemerintahan Malaysia oleh Dinasti UMNO yg merupakan benteng terakhir Negara Islam di rantau Asia Tenggara.

Anonymous said...

Che Wan..ha ha ha..lawok popalih la aok ni...

Cer deme screen sikit senarai pemberi derma nih...yang ade reta 2 billion cer aok buang..gila nak bagi Jibby 700 Juta..tingei 1.3 Billion aje..ha ha ha..paling koman pun bior la yang 50 billion fund ke atas baru mampu...ha ha ha..

Anonymous said...

Najib ni org cakap bodoh kang dia tak suka. 1mdb tu suruh ckp duit derma pasal dia taknak payment diorang gomen kacau. Dia suruh la kau ngaku duit derma. Pasal nanti yg kene cekup PM bukan 1mdb mangkuk.
Kan ke bodoh nak jadi penipu, tapi kene tipu. Siap la kau laki bini masuk penjara. Jo low jugak gemok.

Anonymous said...

Punyalah ramai senarai penderma pak arab tapi nama penderma 2.6 bil masih belum boleh diumumkan. Masih mencari2 pak arab mana yg sanggup mengaku derma. Mcm tanah TRX yg Tabung Haji beli tu. Kallimuthu kata dah ada ready buyer yg berebut nak beli dan dlm masa 2 minggu boleh untung senang2 5 juta. Sampai skrg senyap. Pasal pak arab nie bila dah ada yg sanggup ngaku ( tak tahu bila ) akan diumumkanlah. Yang pedihnya kenalah bagi komisen kat pak arab dan duit komisen ni datang dari penderma 1Mesia yg membayar cukai.